Sep 16 – 17, 2021
Palazzo Strozzi
Europe/Rome timezone


Sep 16, 2021, 2:15 PM
Track 1 1.1




  • Facts such as globalization, changing production and management
    techniques, and flexibility have created new forms of employment. One
    of these forms of employment is home-based work. Home-based work,
    which existed before the 19th century, when the industrial revolution
    was experienced, did not disappear with the increase in
    mechanization, but was transformed. According to 2019 ILO data, 7.6%
    of 296 million employees are home-based workers. Home-based work is
    explained under the title of home-work. Home work is work carried out
    by a person in his/her home or in other premises of his/her choice,
    other than the workplace; for remuneration; which results in a
    product/service as specified by the employer, irrespective of who
    provides the equipment, materials or other inputs used. However,
    home-based work does not have a legal definition but it is generally
    understood to be work that is carried out in one’s own home. The
    nature of home-based work is wideranging, spanning across legal
    classifications, to include workers that are in an employment
    relationship as well as those who are independent, self-employed
    workers. In terms of international law, the International Labor
    Organization's Home Work Convention No. 177 and Recommendation No.
    184 define home-based work and mention the types of this work. On the
    national level, it is seen that home-based work is regulated by the
    "Home Service Agreement" in the Law of Obligations No. 6098 and
    "Telecommuting" in the Labour Law No. 4857. Despite national
    regulations, because the employer does not notify to social security
    institution, these employees are employed informally, have to work
    without security and low wages, and are deprived of social protection
    due to lack of supervision.

Primary authors

Dr Sevda Köse (KOCAELI UNIVERSITY) Dr Beril Baykal (Kocaeli University)

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